Fishes are the most numerous among vertebrates and their species number more than 30,000, which is more than all the other back boned animals put together. Each group has its own way of gathering food. The archer fish is such a fish which can shoot down insects from overhanging vegetation with water pellets. Its aim is quite accurate and it can easily dislodge a fly or a beetle up-to 1.5 meters away, so that it falls into water. The archer fish then dashes on the insect and eats it up.
It is interesting to find out how the fish is able to project drops of water accurately over such a distance. The roof of its mouth forms a long groove. If the fish suddenly closes its gill covers, water is forced from the gill chamber into the mouth. At the same time the tongue is raised, so the grooves become a long tube from which water squirts in a line of drops.
Archer fish is a fresh water fish and belongs to the family Toxobidae. It is found in India and Indonesia. It got its name from the way it captures its food. Archer fish can also live in sea water. Toxotese jaculator is the most commonly known fish of this family. Its length can be up-to 18 cm. Five groups of this fish have been studied. These fishes generally feed on insects.